What Is Osteosarcoma? Causes, Symptoms and Survival Rate

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What Is Osteosarcoma? Causes, Symptoms and Survival Rate

Watched the much-awaited film “Dil Bechara”? If yes, then you surely would know about Osteosarcoma. If not, then no need to worry. We aren’t sharing any spoilers. The 2020 movie “Dil Bechara” revolves around the two adults, Kizie (Sanjana Sanghi) and Manny (Sushant Singh Rajput) who both had come across cancer.





Kizie, who is living with cancer every day, Manny, is a survivor of Osteosarcoma which has left him with one leg. Despite all these setbacks, The trio, including Manny’s best friend, showcase their liveliness and teaches us how to live to the fullest in the movie.

As the movie is a must-watch, we are not jumping on reviews for it. Instead, we are sharing some important facts on what is osteosarcoma, the disease that Sushant Singh Rajput’s character has in ‘Dil Bechara’, and how common it is in India?

What Is Osteosarcoma? Causes, Symptoms and Survival Rate

What is Osteosarcoma?

Osteosarcoma also called ‘Osteogenic Sarcoma’ is the most common type of bone cancer in the world. The condition is known to affect 34 lakh people worldwide every year. In India alone, the frequency of the condition crosses 1,00,000 cases each year.





The condition occurs in the long bones that make up the arms and legs and tends to occur in children and young adults. Children under the age of 15 are also diagnosed with osteosarcoma and it is rare among children who are below five years of age.

While there is no specific reason for this cancer, expert suggests that Osteosarcoma can develop at any age or for any age group. But according to them, males are more likely to be diagnosed with this cancerous formation than females.

 

What parts Osteosarcoma can affect in our body?

As per the study, osteosarcoma is a type of cancer that generally develops in the “Osteoblast” cells which are responsible to form bones in our body. The most commonly affected body part by the disease in the long bones around the knee.

These parts can cover Femur (thigh bone) near the knee, Proximal Tibia (shin bone) near the knee, and Proximal Humerus (upper arm bone) near the shoulder. Other common parts include upper leg, thighbone, lower leg, an upper arm bone, pelvis (hips), jaw, shoulder, and the skull.

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Causes Of Osteosarcoma

As we talked earlier, the main reasons behind causing this cancer are still yet to be found. But many experts do suggest that there are few common conditions which are noted to be seen. These could include-





Rapid bone growth– Any outgrowth formation of a bone is a major cause for concern. Young people have a higher risk of getting it.

Radiation exposure – If a person has been exposed to radiation for the treatment for another type of cancer during childhood.

Genetics – Impairment in the p53 and Rb (retinoblastoma) genes or deficiency in any bone formation required gene.




Symptoms Of Osteosarcoma

1. Bone or joint pain

2. Swelling and redness near the bone

3. Abnormal growth of a bone

4. A tumor that can be felt through the skin

5. While lifting things you feel extreme pain in the arms

6. Limping

7. Broken bone.



When to See a Doctor

Osteosarcoma is classified into 3 broad categories: High-grade, intermediate-grade, and low-grade. With any of the above symptoms observed, it is highly advised to consult a doctor to put a stoppage beforehand.

The doctors will run an MRI scan, PET scan, CT scan, Bone scan, and biopsy to triangulate the location of the source of the condition. After this, the respective treatment will be advised for you to cure.

Currently, there are numerous treatment options with which an osteosarcoma patient can enroll for. These treatments include surgery or removal of cancerous cells, chemotherapy, Radiation therapy, and IFN immunotherapy.




What is the survival rate from Osteosarcoma?

The survival rate of osteosarcoma has increased to more than 65%. If osteosarcoma has spread to the lungs or other bones, the survival rate becomes low. That is why, if any of the above symptoms are observed, it is highly recommended that you should consult a doctor soon.

Also read- Lactose Intolerance: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

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