What is Blackjack? How to Play? What are the Rules of Blackjack?

Everything you need to know about Blackjack card game


Blackjack is a popular card game that is frequently played in casinos. The goal is to beat the dealer by having a hand value that is as near to 21 as possible while not exceeding it. Aces can be for 1 or 11 points, depending on the player’s preference. Face cards are worth 10 points, numbered cards are worth their face value, and aces are worth their face value. Drawing cards and making decisions such as hitting (taking another card) or standing (holding the present hand) are part of the game. If a player’s hand totals more than 21, they “bust” and lose. The game provides players with a variety of techniques and odds to maximize their chances of winning.

What is Blackjack? How to Play? What are the Rules of Blackjack?

Blackjack Rules

Here are the detailed rules for playing Blackjack:


Objective: The main goal of Blackjack is to beat the dealer by having a hand value as close to 21 as possible without exceeding it.

Card Values:

  • Numbered cards (2 through 10) are worth their face value.
  • Face cards (Jack, Queen, King) are each worth 10 points.
  • Aces can be worth either 1 point or 11 points, depending on which value benefits the player more without busting their hand.


  1. Players place their bets.
  2. The dealer deals two cards to each player, including themselves. One of the dealer’s cards is face up (known as the “upcard”), and the other is face down (the “hole card”).
  3. Players take turns deciding their actions, including:
  • “Hit” (requesting another card to be dealt).
  • “Stand” (keeping the current hand and ending their turn).
  • “Double Down” (doubling their original bet and receiving one more card).
  • “Split” (if the two initial cards are of the same rank, the player can split them into two separate hands, each with its own bet).
  • “Surrender” (some casinos allow players to surrender, forfeiting half their bet and ending their hand).
  1. The dealer then reveals their hole card.
  2. The dealer must follow specific rules regarding their actions:
  • The dealer must hit if their hand value is 16 or less.
  • The dealer must stand if their hand value is 17 or higher.
  • The specific rules may vary slightly from one casino to another.
  1. If the player’s hand value is closer to 21 than the dealer’s hand without exceeding 21, the player wins and is paid 1:1 on their bet.
  2. If a player has a hand value of 21 with their first two cards (an Ace and a 10-point card), it’s called a “Blackjack,” and they usually win at a higher payout, often 3:2.
  3. If the player’s hand exceeds 21, they “bust” and lose their bet.
  4. In the case of a tie (push), the player neither wins nor loses their bet.

Insurance: Some casinos offer insurance, which is a side bet that pays 2:1 if the dealer’s face-up card is an Ace and the dealer gets a Blackjack. It’s generally not recommended as it has a negative expected value for players.

Also read: 5 Easy & Interesting Card Games to Play on Diwali 2023

These are the basic rules of Blackjack, but there can be variations and additional rules depending on the specific casino or house rules. It’s important to be aware of these rules before playing at a particular establishment. Additionally, mastering basic strategy can improve a player’s chances of winning in the long run.


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